Monday, 30 June 2014
Friendly response to D.Hew's reasonings about science
Daren Hew said:
" Part of the philosophy of science is that science cannot prove anything. Scientific theories (like evolution) are not provable by their very nature but they can be disproven if their explanations contradict new evidence presented. The scientific community simply accepts them as the best explanation for observed phenomena. You are right, it is based on inductive reasoning and cannot be proven beyond a doubt. But are there better alternative explanations? "
The highlighted part of your quote is certainly correct. That's because an induction is always incomplete. The modus-tollens is applicable via falsification evidence. I agree.
You have cleverly noticed the problem of affirming the consequent. But you need to APPLY the tollens objectively. So then if evidence does not "fit" with divergence, or there is what is called in logical terms, a conspicuous absence of evidence for transitionals, then logically this counts as falsification evidence. Effectively you are not considering the falsification evidence, instead you are focusing on the posteriori explanations of why the evidence does not fit. (extra-hypotheses, such as the, "hard-type" hypothesis). If you are to be STRICTLY scientific, these explanations of why evolution is not there when it should be, should be regarded as EXTRA WEAK arguments, given they depend upon contradictory evidence.
I think it's important not to use the word, "rhetoric", towards me. Everything you learn from me can be googled and you will find it is true.
As for the, "this is the best explanation of data", the problem for that type of reasoning is that it contains premises that are omitted. Whether this be innocently, by scientists, or deliberate, they either know, or don't know that this entire position of methodological naturalism, relies on unproven assumptions.
Darwin said, in response to homology being potentially explainable by a common-designer, that it pleased the designer, Darwin said "but that's not scientific" (paraphrase), but the point is, LOGICALLY, MUST something be a matter of scientific explanation, in terms of methodological naturalism, only? Instead of dealing with that question, instead the scientists simply DECIDED to rule out a potential truth. To use semantics to define ANY talk of design, as, "none-scientific", is an issue of semantics, because if design holds "truth" then you have ostracized truth.
The problem with such an unproven assumption can be shown with the following example:
Let's say a murder took place. Either Jane or Bob is guilty, it can only be one of those two. But now let's say we RULE OUT a potential truth that Bob done it. We can't say for sure he didn't but effectively we just don't want Bob to have done it, because if He did, that just doesn't fit with our beliefs.
Now we find finger-prints for Bob, but now we have to say that those finger-prints only APPEAR to incriminate Bob. Notice that logically, we can NEVER INFER "Bob", as we have guaranteed "not Bob", tautologically, by definition. Since Bob is out of the question, the only option left is to conclude that the evidence incriminates Jane, instead, because there was a murder. (Google: The Law Of The Excluded Middle).
You see Daren, scientists are arguing in circles, tautologically, if they say, "evolution is the only explanation". This exclusive-argument is not logical, because as you say, either new evidence or unknown evidence might exist, that could explain the evidence. This is why evolutionists interpret the evidence as "evolutionary", because that's the only thing "science" allows them to do. So if they find a human foot-print that is not in line with evolution, they have to say the human foot-print is not human. Incredible, but true.
If top-scientists don't even know why an "appearance of design" is a poor argument, and they commit slothful induction by focusing on exceptions such as the laryngeal nerve, rather than the mountain of evidence for obvious construction of anatomy, and the thousands of contingency-plans in each organism, then this PROVES that it was NOT part of their education to learn critical-thinking, they were simply taught evolution. The, "only explanation is evolution" argument is essentially and indirect way of affirming the consequent.
If evolution then X, X therefore, "can only possibly be evolution".
Your whale-example was only a correlation or coincidence. (circumstantial) I would venture to say. No disrespect meant, I admit the evidence does "fit" of course.
(check out, "slothful induction" when it comes to design, heck read any article on CMI that discusses the 500 incredible anatomically designed contingencies in any animal, for every one thousand brilliant design-facts, an evolutionist has ONE complaint. Example, the pharynx/larynx. Forget the fact we can chew, swallow, speak, whistle, shout, whisper, smile, frown, breathe, eat and drink from one entry-point, and forget that we can drink upside down, eat upside down, forget that we can spit, laugh, lick, taste, sing, sneeze, cough, regurgitate, belch, Bork, and forget the perfect structure of the voice-box, forget this is all a neat package including aesthetics, and just focus on the fact that we can potentially choke. SLOTHFUL INDUCTION fallacy!)
They don't even know their own behaviour Daren, because these "experts" have no wisdom. You don't get to learn it at school. "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom".